From March 20th 2019 Tenants will have the power to sue Landlords who fail to adequately maintain their properties as part of a new law called the Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation Act). The act uses the 29 hazards listed in the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) to help define the categories that determine whether a house is ‘fit for human habitation’. Below we have outlined all 29 hazards



  1. Damp and mould growth
  2. Excess cold
  3. Excess Heat
  4. Asbestos and MMF
  5. Biocides
  6. Carbon monoxide and fuel combustion products
  7. Lead
  8. Radiation
  9. Uncombusted Fuel Gas
  10. Volatile organic compounds
  11. Crowding and space
  12. Entry by Intruders
  13. Lighting
  14. Noise
  15. Domestic hygiene, pests and refuse
  16. Food safety
  17. Sanitation and drainage problems
  18. Water supply
  19. Falls associated with baths
  20. Falls on level surfaces
  21. Falls associated with stairs and ramps
  22. Falls between levels
  23. Electrical Hazards
  24. Fire
  25. Flames, hot surfaces and materials
  26. Collision and entrapment
  27. Explosions
  28. Ergonomics
  29. Structural collapse and falling elements


This act revives a clause already in the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 requiring all rented homes to be ‘fit for human habitation’ at the start of the Tenancy and remain so throughout. The new law is designed to prevent tenants having to live in properties that are unsafe and have unsanitary conditions. The act gives the courts the authority to order Landlords to carry out the repairs and they will also be able to award damages to Tenants.


As a Landlord if you are maintaining your property and dealing with maintenance issues when reported then you can be pretty confident that these changes won’t affect you, however we would recommend a visit to the property to check the condition for yourself, so you can be satisfied there are no issues that your Tenant hasn’t yet reported. At Oakfield Estate Agents we carry out 6 monthly midterm inspections and provide our Landlords with a report which gives our Landlords peace of mind that their property is compliant with the act.


If you want more information on any of the 29 hazards please do not hesitate to contact Oakfield Estate Agents.



CEO – Oakfield Estate Agents